GOVERNANCE
         

THE FIVE FREEDOM FRAMEWORK
ECONOMIC FACILITIES

  FIVE FREEDOMS DIAGRAM AND DISCUSSION
  FIVE FREEDOM DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK (pdf)

ECONOMIC FACILITIES
Inhabitants need to have the opportunities and freedom to use the economic resources of the city, its hinterland and other territories for the purposes of consumption, production and exchange (trade). Freedom of access to these facilities includes the availability and access to finance, being able to gain a productive livelihood through the means of one's choice requires adequate and supportive facilities. The lack of such facilities is an unfreedom and a constraint to development, at least 150 million of the world's workers were unemployed at the end of 1998. This cause of unemployment can vary within a society and may be caused by social constraints, for instance, in South Africa the unemployment rate for African males is seven times higher than that of their white counterparts. Apart from the unemployment of the work force, in developing countries, there are some 250 million-child labourers.

Freedom for Economic Security
  • Open labour market
  • Protection from bondage
  • Access to product markets
  • Saving opportunities
  • Stable business ethics
  • Title to land
  • Freedom for women to seek employment outside home
Constraints of Economic Security
  • No Financing of shelter and human settlements
  • Gender equality that is the percentage of family income retained by women
  • Loans from moneylenders
  • Individual disabilities
  • No access to credit
  • Constraints on women to seek employment
  • No Access t o training facilities
  • No Access to transport
  • No Access to markets
  • No improving of urban economies
  • No attempts to enable markets to work
  • No ability to mobilise sources of finance
POLITICAL FREEDOMS
ECONOMIC FACILITIES
SOCIAL OPPORTUNITIES
TRANSPARENCY GUARANTEES
PROTECTIVE SECURITY
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